Until a few years ago, attorneys attempting to defend a client against drunk driving charges were general practitioners who had little, if any, understanding of the nature of the offense. They were unfamiliar with such DUI investigatory methods as field sobriety tests, and there was an almost complete lack of seminars on how to defend these clients.
Most importantly, defense lawyers were completely ignorant about the complexities of blood alcohol analysis — whether of blood, breath or urine samples. How does this breathalyzer work? What is infrared analysis? Gas chromatography? How is alcohol metabolized in the human body? What is "Widmark’s formula"? Hematocrit? What is "retrograde extrapolation" and how does it work? What physiological variables occur between individuals? What medical conditions can effect a breathalyzer reading and how? What happens if blood samples ferment or coagulate?
Chemical analysis of blood, breath or urine involved knowledge of such highly technical fields as physiology, organic chemistry, physics, biophysics, electrical engineering — subjects far beyond the experience and training of lawyers.
Then about 20 years ago, 11 of the most prominent DUI defense attorneys in the country met in a hotel conference room at Chicago’s O’Hare Airport. Over the following three days they hammered out plans for a new professional organization: "The National College for DUI Defense". They created this as a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the quality of the DUI defense Bar, primarily through providing educational seminars.
An important secondary purpose of the organization was to address the problem of insularity in the profession — the isolation of lawyers: the College would be a tool with which attorneys across the country could share information, ideas and experiences.
I am proud to say that I was one of those 11 original founders, and soon after served as Dean and on its Board of Regents. For each of us, the College was a true labor of love.
Soon after the College's inception, the first national seminar was held at Harvard Law School. It was an intense 3-day series of lectures, demonstrations and workshops, featuring a faculty of 22 of the top lawyers, scientists and forensic toxicologists in the field. The experiment was a huge success, and has been repeated every July at Harvard for the past 20 years. In fact, the College’s governing Board of Regents soon expanded this educational effort by creating a second annual seminar in conjunction with the National Association of Criminal Defense Attorneys. This proved another resounding success: in recent sessions held in Las Vegas, there have been over 500 lawyers attending from all over the country. A fourth annual seminar was soon added: "Mastering Scientific Evidence".
The National College for DUI Defense also created an internet website, along with an email discussion group where attorneys could share information and ideas. There are currently hundreds of members across the country (and in other countries) using this forum — and discovering that what one lawyer in Texas has found effective in dealing with DUI sobriety checkpoints can be helpful to another in Oregon. In addition, the College website contains information for laymen on such topics as state DUI laws and finding a DUI defense attorney, information concerning upcoming College seminars, as well an extensive online library of legal and scientific literature on DUI-related subjects for attorneys.
Having provided the means to develop greater skills in this demanding field, the College next addressed the need to recognize those lawyers who had achieved the highest levels of competence. Within recent years, they began certifying attorneys as specialists in DUI defense. In order to achieve Board-certification, an applicant must satisfy demanding requirements of practice and trial experience, as well as pass intensive written and oral examinations.
Most recently, the College has been successful in applying to the American Bar Association for recognition of a new legal specialty: DUI Defense. After considerable study, the ABA went further and recognized the National College for DUI Defense as the sole organization authorized to certify attorneys as specialists in this new field.
The College maintains its headquarters in Montgomery, Alabama, and currently has a membership of over 1300 attorneys.