Archive for January, 2005

“First They Came for the Drunks…”

Sunday, January 9th, 2005

I mentioned in an earlier post ("Are Police Watching Your Home? ") that police agencies, urged on by the the President’s Commission Against Drunk Driving, have begun to assign officers to stakeout the homes of individuals on probation for DUI — sometimes for days — waiting for them to violate their probation by driving.

Aside from the obvious objections, of course, the larger concern is that if police can watch the homes of those with DUI records today, what legally is to stop them from watching your home tommorrow? Do we really want police staking out our homes, waiting for us to make a mistake? Commenting upon this, Scott Henson has reported on his weblog the efforts of the federally-funded Center for Transportation Analysis to require cars to be equipped so they will not start without first inserting a valid driver’s license in an ignition interlock device. This is but one of many ideas proposed to deal with drunk drivers.

What is of greater interest, however, is the CTA representative’s explanation of how Americans’ "historical" concerns about invasion of privacy and Big Brother can be overcome — by initially demonstrating the technology on unsympathetic targets who "have fewer privacy ‘rights’ ":

"American society historically resists excessive government intervention and Big Brother programs that threaten to invade privacy," Hu says. "One of the biggest challenges to implementing electronic driver’s licenses will be to secure widespread public acceptance and community support." Hu thinks that the U.S. public will be more likely to accept this technology if it is first demonstrated on high-risk drivers. "Targeting a demonstration project at drivers who might have fewer privacy ‘rights,’ such as convicted DUI offenders, might reduce public concern about invasion of privacy," she says."

[Note: the quotes around the word "rights" have not been added.] As Mr. Henson paraphrased: "First they came for the drunks, but I was not a drunk so I did not speak up….."

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Are Police Watching Your Home?

Wednesday, January 5th, 2005

We've all read about oppressive governments, about how the police shadow its citizens, even staking out their homes to watch for any suspect activities.

What if you were to learn that this is being done in the United States today — and it is being encouraged by the federal government? Not possible, you say? Not in this country? The following endorsement of the practice is taken verbatum from the official website of the President's National Commission Against Drunk Driving:

"Persistent drinking drivers have not responded to the threat of legal sanctions or to prevention activities. In order to help curb the traffic safety problem posed by this group of drivers each state should develop a comprehensive system with key features aimed at deterring the persistent drinking driver….

"Special enforcement campaigns, such as developing a "Hot List" of repeat DUI offenders or the "Stakeout" of people who have lost their license due to a DUI conviction should help to detect future violations and reduce impaired driving…..A few states have implemented "stakeout" programs to check if DUI offenders are driving. Police watch the homes of the offenders, usually at times when they would be leaving and returning from work. If they are caught driving, they are arrested. Publicizing these campaigns may increase the perceived likelihood of apprehension and result in better compliance with the law."

Local police agencies are apparently taking the Presidential Commission up on this. The following is from an April 5, 2004, Associated Press story about LAPD entitled "Cops Stake Out Homes of Drunken Drivers":

"Disturbed by soaring drunken driving accidents, police officers are now staking out the homes of habitual DUI motorists to catch them violating conditions of their probation.

"A task force of five San Fernando Valley officers who wait for hours, sometimes days, outside homes have made 18 arrests for probation violations since the novel tactic began in December, officials said. The program is being expanded citywide this week."

I suppose there are a number of reactions to this. One, certainly, is, "Whatever it takes to get them off the road". Another might be, "Is this really an efficient allocation of limited police resources?" A third, hopefully: "But where does it stop? If for DUI today, for what tommorrow? Do we really want the police watching our homes, waiting for us to make a mistake?"

 
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Tuberculosis, AIDS and Breathalyzers

Monday, January 3rd, 2005

If you are arrested for drunk driving, you will probably be transported to a police station and taken to a room where there is a breath machine sitting on a table. There may already be another arrestee sitting at the table, blowing into the machine. When he is finished, the officer will (hopefully) replace the mouthpiece on the tube connected to the machine, hand it to you and say "Blow in here, and keep blowing until I tell you to stop, then wait and do it again". Afterwards, you may find yourself thinking, "I wonder how many people have used that machine today?" And the uncomfortable thought may follow, "I wonder if any of them had tuberculosis?…or AIDS?" If you are in a metropolitan area, maybe a dozen or more suspects breathed into that machine before you; in the previous month, hundreds. And none of them were screened for communicable disease.

ITEM….From the Minnesota Department of Health's Facts on AIDS: A Law Enforcement Guide: "Use disposable breathalyzer masks on drunk driving suspects (HIV has been found in the saliva of some HIV-infected patients)…These precautions are also intended to reduce one's risk of becoming exposed to other infectious agents including hepatitis."

Assuming that the police do replace the mask/mouthpiece before each test, what about the breath tube? The mouthpiece is connected to a heated tube which carries the breath sample from the mouthpiece into the machine's sample chamber. If microbes can reside in a mouthpiece, they can certainly reside in the connecting tube. And the tube cannot be changed.

ITEM….From the manufacturer of BreathScan, a portable and disposable breath testing device: "The BreathScan tester can be used once and then disposed of, minimizing contamination associated with repeated use of non-disposable units (no AIDS cross-transmission)…." (emphasis added)

Now ask yourself: If arrested, would you blow into the Breathalyzer? p.s. And while you're sitting there at the table, where do you think all of those tuberculosis germs went when the other guy's breath sample was flushed from the breathalyzer out into the room?

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